SHIPS OF THE 1ST FLEET

1788 ENGLAND TO AUSTRALIA

The Alexander

The Borrowdale

The Charlotte

The Fishburn

The Friendship

The Golden Grove

The Lady Penrhyn

The Prince of Wales

The Scarborough

 

H.M.S. Sirius

H.M.S. Supply

 

 

List of Livestock and Provisions

  • 10 Forges
  • 175 Steel Hand Saws
  • 700 Iron Shovels
  • 700 Garden Hoes
  • 700 West Indian Hoes
  • 700 Grubbing Hoes
  • 700 Felling Axes
  • 700 Hatchets
  • 700 Helves for Felling Axes
  • 747,000 Nails
  • 100 Pairs of Hinges and Hooks
  • 10 Sets of Cooper's Tools
  • 40 Corn Mills
  • 40 Wheel Barrows
  • 12 Ploughs
  • 12 Smith's Bellows
  • 30 Grindstones
  • 330 Iron Pots
  • 6 Carts
  • 4 Timber Carriages
  • 14 Fishing Nets
  • 14 Chains for Timber Carriages
  • 5,448 Squares of Crown Grass
  • 200 Canvas Beds
  • 62 Chauldrons of Coal
  • 80 Carpenter's Axes
  • 20 Shipwright's Axes
  • 600 lbs of Coarse Sugar
  • 1001 lbs of Indian Sago
  • 1 Small Cask of Raisins
  • 61 lbs of Spices
  • 3 Hogsheads of Vinegar
  • 2 Barrels of Tar
  • 1 Dozen Tin Saucepans
  • 1 Printing Press
  • Type Fonts for DO
  • 3 Dozen Flat Irons
  • Candlesticks
  • 3 Snuffers
  • 48 Spinning Brasses
  • 7 Dozen Razors
  • Bible Prayer Book etc.
  • 6 Bullet Moulds
  • 9 Hackies for Flax
  • 9 Hackies Pins
  • 3 Flax Dresser Brushes
  • 127 Dozen Combs
  • 18 Coils of Whale line
  • 6 Harpoons
  • 12 Lances
  • Shoe Leather
  • 305 Pairs of Women's Shoes
  • 40 Tents for Women Convicts
  • 6 Bundles of Ridge Poles
  • 11 Bundles of Stand Poles
  • 2 Chests of Pins ans Mallets
  • 1 Portable Canvas House (Gov. Philip)
  • 18 Turkeys
  • 29 Geese
  • 35 Ducks
  • 122 Fowls
  • 87 Chickens
  • Kittens
  • Puppies
  • 4 Mares
  • 2 Stallions
  • 4 Cows
  • 1 Bull
  • 1 Bull Calf
  • 44 Sheep
  • 19 Goats
  • 32 Hogs
  • 5 Rabbits
  • Gov. Philip's Greyhounds
  • Rev. John's Cats
  • Mill Spindles with 4 Crosses
  • 2 Cases of Mill Bills and Picks
  • 1 Case of Mill Brashes
  • 589 Womens Petticoats
  • 606 Womens Jackets
  • 121 Womens Caps
  • 327 Pairs of Womens Stockings
  • 250 Womens Handkerchiefs
  • 700 Steel Spades
  • 175 Claw Hammers
  • 140 Augurs
  • 700 Gimlets
  • 504 Saw Files
  • 300 Chisels
  • 6 Butchers Knives
  • 100 Pairs of Scissors
  • 30 Box Rules
  • 100 Plain Measures
  • 50 Pickaxes
  • 50 Helvers for DO
  • 700 Wooden Bowls
  • 700 DO Platters
  • 5 Sets of Smith's Tools
  • 20 Pit Saws
  • 700 Clasp Knives
  • 500 Tin Plates
  • 60 Padlocks
  • 50 Hay Forks
  • 42 Splitting Wedges
  • 8,000 Fish Hooks
  • 48 Dozen Lines
  • 8 Dozen lbs of Sewing Twine
  • 12 Brick Moulds
  • 36 Masons Chisels
  • 6 Harness for Horses
  • 12 Ox-Bows
  • 3 Sets of Ox Furniture
  • 20 Bushels of Seed Barley
  • 1 Piano
  • 10 Bushels of India Seed Corn
  • 12 Baskets of Garden Seed
  • Coarse Thread (Blue/White)
  • Transport Jack
  • Ventilators for Water and Wine
  • Hoses
  • Windsails
  • 24 Spinning Whorls
  • 1 Set of Candlestick Makers
  • Carbins
  • Bulkheads
  • Beds
  • Hammocks
  • Marines Clothes
  • Fig Trees
  • Bamboos
  • Sugar Cane
  • Quinces
  • Apples
  • Pears
  • Strawberries
  • Oak and Myrtle Trees
  • 135 Tierces of Beef
  • 165 Tierces of Pork
  • 50 Puncheons of Bread
  • 116 Casks of Pease
  • 110 Frinkins of Butter
  • 8 Bram of Rice
  • 10 Pairs of Handcuffs and Tools
  • 1 Chest of Books
  • 5 Puncheons of Rum
  • 300 Gallons of Brandy
  • 15 Tons of Drinking Water
  • 5 Casks of Oatmeal
  • 12 Bags of Rice
  • 140 Womens Hats
  • 1 Machine for Dress Flax
  • 252 Dozen lbs of Cotton Candles
  • 168 Dozen lbs of Mould Candles
  • 44 Tons of Tallow
  • 2 Millstones Spindles etc.
  • 800 Sets of Bedding
  • 1 Loom for Weaving Canvas
  • 2,780 Woollen Jackets
  • 5,440 Drawers
  • 26 Marquees for Married Officers
  • 200 Wood Canteens
  • 40 Camp Kettles
  • 448 Barrels of Flour
  • 60 Bushels of Seed Wheat
  • 381 Womens Shifts
 

Plants and Seeds

  • Banana
  • Cocoa
  • Coffee
  • Cotton
  • Eugenia
  • Guava
  • Ipecacuanha
  • Lemon
  • Orange
  • Prickly Pear
  • Spanish Reed
  • Tamarind

 

SHIP BY SHIP DETAILS

Alexander

Barque-built - Convict Transport - 453 Tons ,114 ft. (34.75m.) long and 31 ft.(9.5m) at the beam. Deptford survey in October 1786 recorded her measurements of 7'3" between decks afore, 6'11" midships and abaft. Carried: Crew ± 30 + 20 others + 195 male convicts. (245) Lt. P. G King's Journal states there was 30 Seamen, 35 Marines and 194 Convicts (259) 14? Skippered by: Master Duncan Sinclair - Owner: William Walton & Co. Built as a 3 master-square rig, 1 quarter deck ± 114 x 31ft and 2 decks without galleries or figurehead, and was registered at Hull in 1783. The largest ship of the fleet, and little is known after her return to England and disappeared from records in 1808.

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Borrowdale

Store Ship - 272 Tons (a) 275 (k), 75-ft. (22.7m.) long and 22-ft. (6.7m.) beam. Deptford survey in 1785 recorded her 272k. Height between decks after 5'8", midships 5'9", abaft 6'9" Carried: 20 crew + 4 others. (24) Lt. P. G King's Journal states 22 men. Skippered by: Master Readthorn Hobson Reed. Built at Sunderland in 1785. Very little is known of this ship's history and she disappeared from records after returning to England.

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Charlotte

Convict Transport - 346 Tons (a) 335 (k), 105-ft. (32m.) long and 28-ft. (8.5m.) beam. When surveyed at Deptford Yard on 3 November 1786 measured 6'6' afore, amid and abaft and weighed 345 tons. Carried: Crew ± 30 + 45 others + 88 male and 20 female convicts. (183) Lt. P. G King's Journal states 30 Seamen, 42 Marines, 86 Male and 20 Female Convicts. (178) Skippered by: Master Thomas Gilbert (qv). Built in 1784, A three masted fully square rigged with neither galleries or figurehead, whereabouts not known. After her return to England she was sold to a Quebec merchant in 1818 and was lost off the coast of Newfoundlands in Nov. 1818

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Fishburn

Store Ship - 378 Tons (a) (k), 103 ft. (31.4m) long, 29 ft. (8.8m) beam. According to her 1786 Deptford survey, was 6'1' between decks afore, 5'9' midships and 7'1' abaft. Carried 28 people. Lt. P. G King's Journal states 22 Men. Skippered by: Master Robert Brown, Owner: Leighton Co. Built at Whitby in 1780. Like the other store ships, after her epic voyage, she returned to England and disappeared from records.

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Friendship

Convict Transport - 278 Tons (a) 274 (k) 75 ft. (22.9m.) long, 23 ft. (7.0m.) beam, carried 73 people + 76 male and 21 female convicts. (170) Lt. P. G King's Journal states 25 Seamen, 40 Marines, 76 and 21 Female Convicts (162). Skippered by: Master Francis Walton. Little is known about where and when the Scarborough was built c. 1784 During her return voyage to England her crew came down with scurvy and with insufficient crew to man her she was scuttled and sunk in the Straits of Macassar 28 Oct 1788

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Golden Grove

Store Ship - 331 Tons (a) 375 (k), 103-ft. (31.4m.) long, 29-ft. (8.8m.) beam, carried 27 people. Lt. P. G King's Journal states 22 Men Skippered by: Master Sharp, Owner: Leighton Co. Built at Whitby in 1780. The Golden Grove had the distinction of carrying the Reverend and his wife to the Colony. Returned to England to work the London - Jamaica run and disappeared from records after 1804.

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Lady Penrhyn

Convict Transport - 338 Tons (a) 333 (k), 103 ft. (31.4m.) long and 27 ft. (8.23m.) beam. carried 82 people + 101 female convicts. (183) Lt. P. G King's Journal states 30 Seamen, 3 Officers of Ms and 101 Female Convicts (134). Skippered by: Master William Sever. built at the Thames in 1786. Returned to England and put on the London - Jamaica run and was captured in 1811 in the west Indies.

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Prince of Wales

Convict Transport - 334 (a) Tons 350 (k), 103 ft. (31.4m.) long, 29 ft. (8.8m.) beam and carried 90 people + 49 female and 1 male convicts. (140) Lt. P. G King's Journal states [*] Seamen 29 Mars, 2 Male 47 Female Convicts (78) Skippered by: Master John Mason. built at the Thames in 1786. After her return to England she operated there until 1797 when her registration was transferred to Fort Royal, Martinique after which little is known

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Scarborough

Convict Transport - 418 Tons (a) 430 (k), 111 ft. (33.8m.) long, 30 ft. (9.1m.) beam and carried 54 people + 208 male convicts (262)  Lt. P. G King's Journal states 30 Seaman, 44 Marines and 205 Male Convicts (279). Skippered by: Master John Marshall - Owners: Thomas George & John Hopper. Built at Scarborough in 1782. The "Scarborough" sailed back to England and returned to Port Jackson in the Second Fleet in June 1800. She was the only ship of the First Fleet to return to Australia apart from the "Sirius" and the "Supply" which sailed to Cape Town and back. The "Scarborough" was eventually broken up in 1798

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H.M.S. Supply

(armed render) - Brig - 170 Tons (k), 70 ft. (21.3m.) long and 26 ft. (7.92m) beam, 8 Guns and carried 50 people. Lt. P. G King's Journal states 50 Men Skippered by: Henry Lidgbird Ball. Little is known about this brig's early history. It appears she was built in America about 1759 and was commissioned by the Admiralty in October 1786. The smallest ship of the fleet, but the fastest, she led the fleet during most of the arduous voyage. Arrived at Botany Bay on the 18th January 1788 after a journey of 182 days. The "Supply" remained as one of colony's ships and was eventually broken up in Port Jackson in 1807.

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H.M.S. Sirius

(Armed Flag Ship) - 540 Tons (k), 110 ft. (33.5m.), 32 ft. (9.8m.) beam, 20 guns, and carried 180 people. Built with 3 Masts- Mainmast 77'7", Foremast 70'7", Mizenmast 66'8" having 8 main Yards sizes ranging from 56'3" to 26'3", Bowsprit (front pointing boom) 47'10", Flying Jib Boom (rear boom) 35'10" NOTE: Any picture with any more or less than 8 mail sails with cross Yards, is not a true account in picture of the Sirius.Armament: Sixteen 6-pounder carriage guns, six 18-pounder carronades and eight swivel guns. 200 short land muskets and 12 sergeants carbines.Ship's Company: 3 Captains, 3 Lieutenants, 1 Master, 1 Boatswain, 1 Carpenter, 1 gunner, 1 Surgeon, 3 Master's Mates, 9 Midshipmen, 2 Surgeon's Mates, 1 Captain's clerk, 1 Master at Arms, 1 Corporal, 1 Armourer, 3 do Mates, 1 Sail Maker, 1 Perser, 1 do Steward, 3 Boatswain's Mates. 3 do Carpenters, 2 do Gunners, 6 Carpenter's crew, 1 Cook, 1 Coxswain, 6 Quarter Masters, 4 Quarter Gunners, 79 Seaman, 22 Marines, 1 Subaltern, 1 Sergeant, 1 Corporal, 1 Drummer, Total 160, but at a muster at sea in August 1787 a total of 136 men could be found on board. Skippered by: Captain John Hunter. Built in 1780 as the "Berwick" for the East India trade. She was badly burnt in a fire and was bought and rebuilt by the Navy in 1786 and renamed "Sirius". Sirius's hull was well built of teakwood and her bottom was covered in copper. She was painted bright yellow with a broad black band near the waterline. After her arrival in Port Jackson she remained as a supply ship and sailed to the Cape of Good Hope in October 1788 to obtain food supplies for the starving colony. After returning, she was eventually wrecked off Norfolk Island during a gale on the 14th April 1790.

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